Real Estate 101 Glossary N-O

Let’s take a bite out of the N’s and the O’s.

NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MASTER APPRAISERS (NAMA)  A non profit professional association organized in 1982, dedicated to the advancement of professionalism in real estate appraisal.

National Association of Realtors (NAR) A non-profit professional association for real estate agents.  Not all agents are Realtors. Realtors follow a code of ethics. and promotes professionalism within the association

NATIONAL SOCIETY OF REAL ESTATE APPRAISERS  An organization founded in 1956 which promotes standards of professionalism in its members.

NATURAL VACANCY RATE  The percentage of vacant properties in a given area that is the result of natural turnover and market forces

. NEGATIVE AMORTIZATION  When the balance of a loan increases instead of decreases. Usually due to a borrower making a minimum payment on an Adjustable Rate Mortgage during a period when the rate fluctuates to a high enough point that the minimum payment does not cover all of the interest.

NEIGHBORHOOD LIFE-CYCLE The evolution of neighborhood use and demographics over time. Economic fluctuations, municipal zoning changes and population shifts can effect the life cycle.

NEIGHBORHOOD  A subsection of a municipality that has been designated by a developer, economic forces or physical formations.

NET LEASABLE AREA  The space in a development, outside of the common areas, that can be rented to tenants.

NEW ENGLAND COLONIAL  An architectural style dating from early American history typified by a two-story building with clapboard siding.

NO-COST LOAN  Many lenders offer loans that you can obtain at “no cost.” You should inquire whether this means there are no “lender” costs associated with the loan, or if it also covers the other costs you would normally have in a purchase or refinance transactions, such as title insurance, escrow fees, settlement fees, appraisal, recording fees, notary fees, and others. These are fees and costs which may be associated with buying a home or obtaining a loan, but not charged directly by the lender. Keep in mind that, like a “no-point” loan, the interest rate will be higher than if you obtain a loan that has costs associated with it.

 NO-POINT LOAN  A loan with no “points”. The interest rate on such a loan will be higher than a loan with points paid. Also sometimes refers to a refinance loan where closing costs are included in the loan.

NON-CONFORMING USE  The use of land for purposes contrary to the applicable municipal zoning specifications. Often occurs when zoning changes after a property is in use.

NONLIQUID ASSET  Any asset which can not be quickly converted into cash at little or no cost.

 NOTE  A legal document that obligates a borrower to repay a mortgage loan at a stated interest rate during a specified period of time.

NOTE RATE  The interest rate stated on a mortgage note.

 NOTICE OF DEFAULT  Formal written notice from a lender to a borrower that default has occurred.

 OBSOLESCENCE  The process of an assets value diminishing due to the development of more desirable alternatives or because of the degradation of its capabilities.

OCCUPANCY A physical presence within and control of a property.

OCCUPANCY RATE  The percentage of properties in a given area that are occupied.

OCTOPUS RECEPTACLE  An outlet with too many devices plugged into it, using a power strip or other device to multiply the outlets.

 OFF-SITE IMPROVEMENTS  Buildings, structures or other amenities which are not located on a piece of property, but are necessary to maximize the use of the property or in some way contribute to the value of the property.

OFF-STREET PARKING  Designated parking spaces associated with a particular building or other structure which are not located on public streets.

OLD TERMITE ACTIVITY  Where no termites are currently active, but indications of past activity can be seen.

ON-SITE IMPROVEMENTS  Buildings, structures or other amenities that are erected on a piece of property and contribute to its value.

OPEN SPACE  Any land which has not had any significant buildings or structures erected on it. Most often used to describe desirable neighborhood features like parks.

OPEN SPLICE An uncovered electrical connection.

ORIGINAL EQUITY  The amount of cash a home buyer initially invests in the home.

 ORIGINAL PRINCIPAL BALANCE  The total amount of principal owed on a mortgage loan at the time of closing.

ORIGINATION FEE  Refers to the total number of points paid by a borrower at closing.

 OWNER FINANCING  A transaction where the property owner provides all or part of the financing.

 OWNER OCCUPIED  The state of property wherein the owner occupies at least some portion of the property.


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